Phillips County, Arkansas

Phillips County History

Phillips County is part of the Delta region of Arkansas located where the St. Francis River empties into the Mississippi River and has significant touches on nearly every aspect of the state’s history.  Phillips County’s soil consists of alluvial deposits from the Mississippi River, making it prime agricultural land.  The southern edge of Crowley’s Ridge provides higher land once used by Native Americans.  Helena’s location on the Mississippi River gave it the potential to be an important transportation hub, although it eventually was overtaken in importance by Memphis, Tennessee.

Established on the banks of the Mississippi River in 1820, Phillips County is the second oldest county in Arkansas.  The land had a rich history that was scattered with images of ancient Indian cultures, famous explorers like Desoto, who explored Arkansas entering just south of Helena in 1541, Lewis and Clark, and Frenchmen like Marquette and Jolliet, LaSalle and DeTonti, who colonized what became the Louisiana Territory.  Read more.....